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      湖南省養殖場戶牛結節性皮膚病防控問卷調查

      4 2022-09-21 15:28:46 田艷群,林源,何世成等 《中國動物檢疫》2022年第8期

      為了解湖南省養殖場戶牛結節性皮膚?。↙SD)防控情況,2021年11—12月以在線問卷調查方式,對湖南省10個市州188個牛養殖場戶的養殖情況、養殖方式以及LSD知曉情況、免疫與治療情況進行問卷調查。結果顯示:參與調查的牛養殖場戶中,存欄小于50頭的占69.68%;27.66%、45.21%的場戶分別采用散養、散養圈養混合飼養方式;6.91%的場戶只進行外購犢牛育肥,35.11%采用自繁自養聯合外購犢牛育肥。13.92%場戶的外購牛群直接與養殖場內牛群混養,不進行隔離;94.68%的場戶知曉LSD,其中89.36%認為LSD可以治療;26.06%的場戶出現過疑似LSD癥狀;59.57%的場戶進行了全群LSD免疫,9.57%進行了部分牛群免疫;96.15%的場戶免疫后未再出現疑似癥狀,12.31%免疫后有輕微副反應。結果表明:湖南省牛養殖以小規模為主,飼養方式較為傳統,存在一定的LSD傳入發生風險,但養殖場戶具備一定的防疫意識,LSD知曉率較高,能夠主動采取免疫、隔離、治療等預防和控制措施,能夠及時發現疑似病例,因此總體發生風險可控。今后需要繼續加強免疫、調運監管和防控宣傳,有效控制該病的傳入和流行。

      Questionnaire on the Prevalence and Control of Lumpy Skin Disease in Cattle Farms in Hunan Province

      In order to investigate the prevalence and control of lumpy skin disease(LSD)in Hunan Province,188 cattle farms/households in 10 cities/prefectures in the province were investigated by online questionnaire on their situations and modes of breeding,as well as awareness,vacciantion and treatment against LSD from November to December 2021. The results showed that,in the investigation,small-scale farms/households with an inventory<50 cattle accounted for 69.68%,those with the modes of free-ranging and mixed free-ranging with captive breeding were 27.66% and 45.21%,respectively,those only fattening purchased calves were 6.91%,and those with self-support in combination with purchasing calves were 35.11%. 13.92% farms/households mixed their original cattle with the purchased ones without any quarantine;94.68% awared of LSD,of which,89.36% agreed LSD could be treated;26.06% occurred suspected LSD symptoms;59.57% implemented vaccination against LSD for all population,9.57% for some population,and after vaccination,96.15% were absent from suspected symptoms,and 12.31% showed mild side effects. In conclusion,small-scale breeding played a main role in the province with relatively traditional mode,which brought a certain risk for spreading LSD. However,a certain awareness of disease control was observed in the farms/households where LSD was well known,so preventive and control measures such as vaccination,quarantine and treatment could be actively taken to find any suspected cases in time. Therefore,the risk of disease occurrence was controllable in general. To this end,it was recommended that supervision for vaccination and transportation should be further strengthened to effectively control any introduction or prevalence of the disease.

      原文鏈接:https://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&dbname=CJFDAUTODAY&filename=ZGDW202208009&uniplatform=NZKPT&v=vPzqR5W2eDBu0PiZgvfrw6bmB8PyLyPf06U9cC1LAiQ99T7-4niy48JvgxkPkAFV

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